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小学英语毕业总复习(一)

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    发布时间: 2012-05-31     浏览次数:1084

内容摘要: 三及第学习方法网小学英语教研组的老师们特意为小学六年级的同学们准备了小学英语毕业总复习的知识内容,希望可以帮助同学们备考。

    三及第学习方法网小学英语教研组的老师们特意为小学六年级的同学们准备了小学英语毕业总复习的知识内容,希望可以帮助同学们备考。
 
一、学生易错词汇
1.     a, an的选择:元音字母开头的单词用an,辅音字母开头的单词用a.
2.     am , is , are的选择:单数用is , 复数用are.I am , you are.
3.     have , has 的选择:表示某人有某物。单数用has , 复数用have. I ,you have .
4.     there is, there are 的选择:表示某地有某物,某人。单数用there is , 复数用there are.
5.     some, any 的选择:肯定句用some, 疑问句和否定句用any.
6.     疑问词的选择:what (什么) who () where (哪里) whose (谁的) why(为什么)when(什么时候)which(哪一个)how old (多大) how many (多少)how much(多少钱)
 
二、形容词比较级详解
当我们需要对事物作出比较时,需要用到比较级。比较级的句子结构通常是:
什么 + 动词be (am , is , are ) + 形容词比较级 + than(比)+ 什么 ,如:
I’m taller and heavier than you. (我比你更高和更重。)
An elephant is bigger than a tiger. (一只大象比一只老虎更大。)
形容词的比较级是在形容词的基础上变化而来的,它的变化规则是:
一般的直接在词尾加er ,如 tall - taller , strong - stronger ,
e结尾的,直接加r ,如 fine – finer ,
以辅音字母加y结尾的,先改yi再加er,如funny - funnier
双写最后的字母再加er,如big – bigger, thin – thinner ,hot – hotter
注意比较的两者应该是互相对应的可比较的东西。
典型错误:My hair is longer than you.(我的头发比你更长。)
比较的两者是我的头发、你(整个人),那么比较的对象就没有可比性。
应该改为:My hair is longer than yours. My hair is longer than your hair.
比较级专项练习: 一、从方框中选出合适的单词完成句子   heavy tall long big
(1) How           is the Yellow River?
(2) How           is Mr Green? He’s 175cm.
(3) How           are your feet? I wear size 18.
(4)How           is the fish? It’s 2kg.
二、根据句意写出所缺的单词
(1) I’m 12 years old. You’re 14. I’m              than you.
(2) A rabbit’s tail is               than a monkey’s tail.
(3) An elephant is                  than a pig.
(4) A lake is                  than a sea.
(5) A basketball is               than a football.
三、根据中文完成句子.
(1)  我比我的弟弟大三岁. I’m            than my brother.
(2)  这棵树要比那棵树高.    This tree                      than that one.
(3)  你比他矮四厘米.       You are                    than he.
(4)  谁比你重?                                    than you
四、根据答句写出问句
(1)                                  I’m 160 cm.
(2)                                  I’m 12 years old.
(4)                                 Amy’s hair is 30 cm long.
 
三、动词过去式详解
动词的过去式的构成规则有:
A、规则动词
①    一般直接在动词的后面加ed:如 worked , learned , cleaned , visited
 以e结尾的动词直接加d:如 lived , danced , used
③    以辅音字母加y结尾的动词要改yi再加ed(此类动词较少)如 study – studied carry – carried worry – worried (注意playstay不是辅音字母加y,所以不属于此类)
④ 双写最后一个字母(此类动词较少)如 stopped 
B、不规则动词(此类词并无规则,须熟记)小学阶段要记住以下动词的原形和过去式:sing – sang , eat – ate ,
see – saw , have – had , do – did , go – went , take – took , buy – bought , get – got , read – read ,fly – flew , am/is – was ,
are – were , say – said , leave – left , swim – swam , tell – told , draw – drew , come – came , lose – lost , find – found , drink – drank , hurt – hurt , feel – felt
 
四、动词现在分词详解
动词的ing形式的构成规则:
①    一般的直接在后面加上ing , doing , going , working , singing , eating
e 结尾的动词,要先去e再加ing ,如having , writing
双写最后一个字母的(此类动词极少)有:running , swimming , sitting , getting
 
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